This partial list of Building Measurement Industry terms relates to this single standard: BOMA RETAIL STANDARD 2010
Any areas which are leased to, or by agreement are used exclusively by, an occupant in addition or surplus to the gross leasable areas defined in this standard as represented on the Global Summary of Areas. Ancillary space shall be designated for the occupant’s exclusive use (like GLA) but may not increase gross leasable area, exterior gross area or construction gross area that are defined in this standard.
A horizontal extension of an adjacent floor outside the exterior enclosure of a building that is not a roof, roof terrace, plaza or deck.
A floor of a building that has an elevation below that of the average adjacent grade plane by a distance of more than two thirds of the vertical dimension between the elevation of that floor level and the elevation of the floor immediately above it.
A horizontal line forming a perimeter that encompasses all the constructed elements of a given floor of a building and other areas covered by a roof or a floor above. Nonstructural protrusions, including eaves, cornices, canopies, awnings, sills, ledges, casing, wainscoting, gutters, downspouts, signs, shutters, attached electrical or mechanical systems or decorative projections, are ignored.
The areas within the exterior gross area of a retail building that are not designed for rental to occupants, but that are available for common use and support by and for all occupants, groups of occupants, or their invitees. Common areas include, but are not limited to : -Mall concourses -Public toilets -Service areas and corridors -Stairs, escalators, elevators -Truck loading and receiving -Trash staging and dumpsters -Common service facilities (mechanical, electrical, plumbing, communications fire protection, etc.) -Property management & maintenance facilities.
An unenclosed floor surface contiguous to a building that is suitable for use by an occupant and supported above the ground on at least two opposing sides by an adjacent structure, and/or posts, piers or other independent supports.
The wall, roof or soffit that constitutes the envelope necessary to enclose a building.
The total of all the enclosed floor areas (as viewed on a floor plan) of all floors of a building contained within their measure lines, excluding voids (with the exception of occupant voids), interstitial space, unexcavated space and crawl space. No deductions are recognized for columns or any structural elements within the measure line.
In enclosed malls, an area devoted to permanent food vendor stalls offering a range of prepared foods for on-premises consumption and served by a common, shared seating area.
The total enclosed floor area designed for the exclusive use of an occupant, including any basements, mezzanines, or upper floors.
The area of load bearing surfaces located above or below occupied building floors that is not available for general occupancy often due to inadequate clear headroom or lack of provisions for egress, and containing building structure or services predominantly serving adjacent floors or to provide access to such systems.
A semi-movable structure or booth located in the common area of the mall that affords the occupant the ability to conduct business and where usually some construction is required to make it functional.
Generally consist of two major components, buildings and site improvements.
A horizontal line forming a perimeter that encompasses all the constructed elements of a given occupant space. The lease line is normally the center line of any common party walls, the corridor face of any adjacent common corridor, or the exterior face of any walls that form the exterior enclosure, or the storefront lease line as defined by the landlord. If no specific dimensional definition is provided by the landlord, the storefront lease line shall be established by the leading edge of the neutral pier or mall bulkhead above. Non-structural protrusions, including eaves, cornices, canopies, awnings, sills, ledges, casing, wainscoting, gutters, downspouts, signs, shutters, attached electrical or mechanical systems or decorative projections, are ignored.
The ability of a structure to support live loads imposed by occupants plus dead loads imposed by furniture, equipment, machinery, and partitions.
A horizontal line on the outermost structural or architectural surface of the exterior face of the exterior enclosure of a given floor of a building. In determining the measure line, do not consider overhangs, projecting pilasters or columns, awnings, eaves, cornices, sills, ledges, casing, wainscoting, gutters, downspouts, chimneys, signs, shutters, attached electrical or mechanical systems, decorative or architectural projections and the like that protrude beyond the exterior face of the exterior enclosure.
An intermediate level or levels between a floor and the floor or roof immediately above, the aggregate area of which shall not exceed one-third of the floor area of the space in which they are located. The clear height above and below the mezzanine floor construction shall not be less than 7 feet (International Building Code, Section 505.1). Mezzanines are always measured as part of exterior gross area of the floor immediately below.
Non-leasable area is space that cannot be used for common area purposes, for retail purposes by occupants or by property ownership. Non-leasable area is included in exterior gross area (EGA) but is excluded from gross leasable area (GLA). Examples of non-leasable area include, but are not limited to; Electrical substations and utility vaults (either below or above grade) containing equipment owned or operated by a utility company. Communications demark rooms (either below or above grade) containing equipment owned or operated by a communications company. Major vertical penetrations that contain only vertical HVAC shafts, flues, pipe chases and the like that do not directly serve, and cannot be accessed from, adjacent gross leasable area. See definition of major vertical penetration. Trash enclosures that are not common area and also not part of any gross leasable area.
One who has certain legal rights to, or legal control over, the premises occupied.
A floor opening between two or more adjacent floors created by removal of occupiable floor area by or for the occupant that would otherwise be included in the exterior gross area or construction gross area of the floor.
Suitable for occupancy by people by virtue of a load bearing floor, building systems, required egress and, if applicable, a Certificate of Occupancy by local authorities having jurisdiction.
An upper floor or roof of a building that extends, protrudes, or is cantilevered above an unenclosed area below.
An enclosed, structured floor area used for transient storage of motor vehicles, including associated circulation and building services (such as exhaust fans and ducts that serve the parking area), but not including loading docks, sally ports and building service areas, such as enclosed auxiliary lobbies used to enter a building from parking areas.
A wall that separates two adjacent occupant premises and is located on a lease line.
Enclosed floor area located on the roof level of a building that occupies less than the total area of the roof.
An unenclosed horizontal load bearing floor surface intended for use and located at or near ground level, which constitutes the roof of space below it that is included in construction gross area.
The legal boundary of a parcel of land.
A portion of an occupant area that does not meet the requirement of the International Building Code for minimum ceiling heights.
Big box - A physically large retail establishment usually part of a chain. A big box occupant may be an anchor to a shopping center or a free-standing independent entity. Outparcel or pad tenant– A usually free-standing parcel, located on a separated or separable lot from the retail development. Enclosed mall – An enclosed mall has a walkway or mall that is enclosed, heated and cooled, insulated and lighted. The mall concourse is flanked on one or both sides by inward–facing stores. The configuration of the mall may vary, but on-site parking is usually provided around the perimeter of the building. Open air center or strip center or convenience center – Attached row of stores or service outlets managed as a coherent retail entity, with on-site parking usually located in front of the stores. Open canopies may connect the storefronts, but a strip center does not have enclosed walkways. Life style center – Upscale national-chain specialty stores with dining and entertainment in an outdoor setting. Mix use development - A real estate project with a planned integration of some combination of retail, office, residential, hotel, recreation or other functions. It is pedestrian-oriented and contains elements of a live-work-play environment. It maximizes space usage, has amenities and architectural expression and tends to mitigate traffic and sprawl.
That portion of exterior gross area of a retail building that is not used for parking.
A movable, pre-fabricated unit that affords the occupant the ability to conduct business from different locations due to its mobility. An RMU cannot be physically occupied and is often considered an amenity to a common area. The area occupied by an RMU is not included in gross leasable area.
A permanent exterior enclosure oriented more than 15° from vertical with its exterior side oriented upward that encloses the interior of the building below it, affording protection from the elements appropriate to the occupancy and the local climate.
An unenclosed horizontal roof (other than a plaza), or portion thereof, with a load bearing surface intended for use by occupants along with other appropriate and required features such as railings.
Improvements such as infrastructure, sidewalks, driveways, on-grade parking, landscaping, drainage structures, retail dining patios and garden centers, amphitheaters, helipads and many similar features, that are not measured as part of a building.
Areas that are within the building perimeter of a retail building but are outside the measure line, exclusive of voids.
Absence of a floor within the exterior enclosure of a building in excess of ten square feet (1 square meter) where a floor might otherwise be expected or measured, that is typically in the plane of the upper floors adjacent to multi-story atria or lobbies, light wells, auditoria or the area adjacent to a partial floor, permanent mezzanine or unclassified mezzanine at a given floor level.